Since the development of the first torque and drag models used to predict rig hook loads in the early 1980s, drilling and completion engineers have relied on various forms of proprietary and commercial software to:
- optimize well trajectory and tubular designs;
- prevent buckling and lockup; and
- understand the installation load profiles for critical string components.
Longer laterals, advanced completion tools, and complex well trajectories demand a more flexible and rigorous torque and drag...